Low mediterranean plain

Low mediterranean plain

This vegetation plain contains plenty of species influenced by man: the landscape is mainly dominated by citrus groves, vineyards, olive groves, almond groves, pistachio groves and fruit trees.

This area also hosts numerous, important natural species, based on their distance from the sea, substrate layers, altitude and slope orientation. Euphorbia Dendrides (which represents a vegetation association characterised by colours which are typical of the Mediterranean marquis), Evergreen Holm Oak (Quercus Ilex), the only species of evergreen oak on Etna. Etna Broom (Genista Aetnensis), Black hornbeam (Ostria Carpinifolia), Laurel (Laurus Nobilis), Southern Nettle Tree (Celtis Australis), Oriental Hackberry (Celtis Tournefortii), Terebinth (Pistacia Terebinthus), a tall bushy species with tangled reddish foliage, Spurge (Euphorbia Carcarias), Turkey Oak (Quercus Virgiliana, Quercus Congesta and Quercus Cerris) form part of the deciduous oaks distributed around Mount Etna.

General thoughts on the Etna’s flora

General thoughts on the Etna’s flora

Mount Etna presents rich, various flora which is distributed in relation to altitude and slope exposure. The area is a unique spectacle of nature where vegetation is characterised by rocky coastline with garigue and brushwood, by caducous evergreen forests and the...

read more
Mountainous mediterranean plain

Mountainous mediterranean plain

At a height of 1,000 to 1,500 metres, vegetation is characterised by groves of Corsican Pine (Pinus Laricio), Silver Birch (Betula Aetnensis), Beech (Fagus Selvatica) and Poplar (Populus Tremula). The same climatic zone of oak trees includes widespread Chestnut groves...

read more
High mediterranean plain

High mediterranean plain

This plain, located on the edge of the tree vegetation and circa 2,400 metres high, forms the most significant and expressive landscape on the high mountainous area of Etna. Etna Milk Vetch (Astragulus Siculus) particularly dominates this environment, which changes...

read more